Nursing homework help
Abey Hernandez Marin
12 hours ago, at 10:06 PM
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Various environmental factors have a direct impact on the health of the population. The factors range from policies, infrastructure, personal attitudes, or the physical structures and one of the affected diseases is HIV/AIDs, among others. Nursing homework help
One of the factors affecting HIV/AIDs is the socioeconomic issue. Various environmental factors affect the incidence and prevalence of HIV arising from the social-economic climate. The social element determines the level of knowledge about the disease, the cultural considerations of the society, and the values that they uphold (Balis, 2021). Such factors determine the level of infection and incidences. For example, when it comes to the level of knowledge about the disease, some populations are unaware, leading to high incidences among the group. The majority of the high incidences of HIV reside in the sub-Saharan region, where there is little knowledge of preventive measures and management. Practices within the culture, such as polygamy and wife inheritance in some communities, lead to the transmission of the virus to the people (Sun et al., 2020). Nursing homework help
Poverty is a socioeconomic factor that affects the incidence and prevalence. There are regions with depleted resources that make it hard to enact preventive programs and educate the population alone to manage the disease alone. Some patients do not have the resources required to ensure proper disease management through lifestyle changes, the inability to prevent and manage the disease leads to high mortality rates. It also leads to stress issues and poor self-efficacy, affecting disease management. It is poverty that also leads to people working as sex workers, thus leading to an increased risk of spreading the disease (Kiyemba, 2018).
Balis D, B. (2021). Knowledge of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV (MTCT) and Associated Factors among Women Living with HIV/AIDS Attending Antiretroviral Therapy Clinic in West Wollega, Ethiopia. Journal Of Infectious Diseases &Amp; Travel Medicine, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.23880/jidtm-16000149
Kiyemba, R. (2018). Poverty increased HIV and others. Journal Of HIV &Amp; Retro Virus, 04.https://doi.org/10.2
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Cira Perez Miranda
12 hours ago, at 9:25 PM
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Diabetes is a public health issue with negative impacts on the quality of life (QoL). In particular, diabetes affects all dimensions due to the high demands for medical care, the resultant complication, and the disease burden. Besides, other complications such as erectile dysfunction, kidney diseases, and limb amputation also reduced physical and social activities, resulting in lowered QoL (Alaofè et al., 2022). Even though risk factors associated with diabetes are mainly attributed to lifestyle and genetic factors, environmental factors also increase the risk of developing diabetes. Dendup et al. (2018) mentioned that environmental variables increase the risk factors of diabetes by enhancing or constraining the behavioral and physical stressors. Specifically, the physical and social environmental factors influence choices and behaviors, while the social factors such as social disorder also increase fear and limited physical activities.
The environmental problem of interest is the air population. Long-term exposure to poor air quality depicted by the presence of particulate matter and the nitrous oxide also contributed to the increased incidents of diabetes. Studies by Paul et al. (2020) revealed a positive correlation between exposure to environmental pollutants such as NO2, Particulate Matter (PM2.5), and 03. Specifically, the exposure to NO2 had the most devastating effects before and after the development of diabetes and contributed to the high rates of mortality. This study is in line with a systematic review by Dendup et al. (2018) that concluded that air pollution resulted in changes to the endothelial, triggered inflammation, and insulin resistance. In this case, air pollution affects the ease of engaging in physical activities and thus increases the prevalence of diabetes. Therefore, based on the study findings, the mortality, incidence, and prevalence of diabetes are higher in areas with reported air pollution incidents.
Based on empirical evidence supporting the correlation between air pollution and diabetes, recommendations to patients and stakeholders are as follows; patients and groups at risk should move to a serene environment far away from road and traffic. Besides, patients should increase walkability in green spaces, thus promoting physical activities (Dendup et al., 2018). Meanwhile, stakeholders should consider integrating green space in urban design and planning. In this way, exposure to a serene environment and quality air would result in lowered risk factors associated with diabetes.
Alaofè, H., AmoussaHounkpatin, W., Djrolo, F., Ehiri, J., & Rosales, C. (2022). Factors associated with quality of life in patients with type 2 diabetes of south benin: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Environmental Research and
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