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NUR4636 FNU People of Chinese And Guatemalan Heritage

NUR4636 FNU People of Chinese And Guatemalan Heritage

CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HEALTH CARE BELIEFS 1 Rony Marino Florida National University Nursing Department BSN Program NUR 3655 February 6, 2019 Prof. Cassandre Milien, MSN, RN CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HEALTH CARE BELIEFS 2 Health care is a critical and fundamental issue that is valued by all people globally. Health care of people is usually determined by their lifestyle in that, those practicing a healthy lifestyle like eating healthy nutritional foods, keeping fit and visiting health centers in times of illness will always have good health compared to those people living being underfed, not getting balanced diets and not being able to access health centers in times of illness. Chinese are very respectable people and greatly value education so that their children may get better lives and help improve their family hence the reason why many Chinese teenagers spent most of their time in libraries studying. Chinese value their traditional culture including their diets which they believe promote good health (Flora, 2018). For instance, they frequently use food and food derivatives because they prevent and illnesses and diseases and also they increase strength in old and weak people. Chinese

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belief good health begins even before birth hence they advise their women to eat well-balanced diets during pregnancies like increasing meat consumption so that it may increase nutrients in the blood which is required by the fetus. After delivery, they advise their women to eat more food and avoid exposure to cold air touching or drinking cold water during the first month after delivery because coldness can cause health problems in them and thus affecting the infant too. Mothers are also advised to avoid raw foods because they considered cold foods. Lactating mothers are encouraged to take brown sugar and eat plenty of rice wine because initiates milk production to feed the infant. Common health problems in Chinese people are lactose intolerance, Thalassemia, liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, cardiovascular diseases, hepatitis b, and CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HEALTH CARE BELIEFS 3 diabetes. Chinese do not hesitate to seek for medical checkups when unwell because they believe tolerating the illness may cause a worse situation. Many Chinese have transitioned to Western medicine but others still believe in their traditional herbs, while other practice both, Western and traditional medicines. Many people who practice the traditional herbs are the older Chinese. During pains, Chines usually cope with it through applying oils and massaging using warmth, relaxation or using herbs. To cure pains, chines practice the use of moxibustion which is the application of heat from different sources like garlic. Pain is also treated through cupping which is the use of heated glass or cup which is put on the skin that creates a vacuum thus causing the skin to be drawn in the glass jar or the cup hence curing the joint. Traditional chines health practitioners are highly respected than western practitioners because western practitioners cause a lot of pain and invasiveness in their treatments. In conclusion, Chinese people show high respect to the dead because they believe their souls transform into other good things in the underworld. Just like the Chines people, Guatemalans are also very respective people and value good health. Many of the Guatemalans live below poverty lines, therefore, accessing well-balanced diets is a challenge to them. Guatemalans believe in nuclear families, therefore, those who well up support their family members with food and other effects. Many Guatemalans migrate to the United States in such good lives because in their mother country there are very limited jobs. Because of poverty, many Guatemalans die before the age of five years the causes of this high mortality rate is pneumonia, diarrhea, circulatory diseases, communicable diseases, perennial conditions, and tumors. CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HEALTH CARE BELIEFS 4 Guatemalans take good care for pregnant mothers by providing them with balanced diets and even after delivery. Many Guatemalans believe in traditional practices thus they tie children hands in believe that that customary will make the child be more hardworking and will not engage in bad activities like stealing (Booth, 2018). Many Guatemalans have lactose intolerance, therefore, they do not take milk or milk products because they may cause bloating and indigestion to them. When a Guatemalan falls sick, he/she first seeks advice from mother or any respected elder. They usually prefer traditional medications thus modern medication is usually the last resort. Many delays in seeking medications and only do seek hospital medications when the situation is worse. This is among the reasons why there are high mortality rates in Guatemala. Many Guatemalans are uneducated thus risk a lot in agricultural farms in the USA because they do not use protective gears on the farm unless they are first informed about the dangers. Chinese and Guatemalans health care beliefs are similar in that, they believe in both traditional and western medicines. They also believe in eating well-balanced diets for good health. The only reason that bars many Guatemalans from accessing a wellbalanced diet is poverty. The traditional health care beliefs in both heritages affect the delivery of evidence-based healthcare in that, most people fail to access the modern treatments thus increasing mortality. In conclusion, also, failure to access evidencebased healthcare may increase the spread of diseases in the society because people may not have the knowledge of preventing the disease. CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HEALTH CARE BELIEFS 5 References Booth, J. A. (2018). Understanding Central America: Global forces, rebellion, and change. Routledge. Flora, C. B. (2018). Rural communities: Legacy+ change. Routledge. Running head: HEALTH BELIEFS OF THE CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HERITAGE Roxana Tejera Florida National University Nursing Deoartment BSN Program NUR 4636 02/05/2019 Prof. Cassandre Milien, MSN 1 HEALTH BELIEFS OF THE CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HERITAGE 2 Introduction Notably, both heritages have influenced the development of healthcare and nursing. People who belong to the Asian cultures are mainly known for their reliance on distinct health practices and beliefs that are quite different from the American born natives and other immigrants. It is believed that patient’s beliefs can have a significant amount of impact on their recovery process therefore, health practitioners are advised to be familiar with them. This is mainly because of their philosophical and religious ideologies. The Chinese beliefs encompass their way of education, practice of acupuncture, herbal treatments, and the diet therapy. The Chinese beliefs and philosophies influence greatly how the religion and the way people think about nursing. Additionally, it is important to note that the future of the advancement of the nursing research will be beneficial to the republics of Asia and the World at large (Cai et al., 2015). Chinese Heritage In the 19th Century the Chinese started to identify their medicine as Dong Y so that they can be able to distinguish it from the western colonial medicine. The Westerners on the other hand, referred to the Chinese medicine as oriental medicine. However, the most critical part understands the level of impact the health beliefs have on the clinical care of the Asian patients which normally affects the accuracy of the health histories and the compliance of the treatment compliance with the western providers. The main difference between the western beliefs and the HEALTH BELIEFS OF THE CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HERITAGE 3 Chinese beliefs is that while in America we believe that disease is caused by some external forces such as viruses or bacteria or due to a degeneration of the functional ability of the body. The Chinese belief that the body is whole and each part is connected and most importantly that each organ has a mental as well as a physical function (Cheng, Feng, &Hu, 2017). It is important to learn that herbal medicine is prescribed according to the patient’s individual condition and not on current symptoms only. Their approach has been used for a long time to treat most health conditions and also, as a preventative dietary supplement. In addition, their medicine can be combined with the western therapies without any complications. Guatemalan Heritage In Guatemala it is important to note that just like their Chinese counterparts they have chosen to preserve their traditions while incorporating the modern ideas and technologies. However, there current laws and regulations continue to alter their ethno medical health practices while on the other hand, the Mayan’s who have settled in the United States continue to experience quite a lot of challenges when it comes to accessing proper healthcare. However, it is important to note that in Guatemalan there exists a proper ethno medical care but their belief in modern medicine is greatly influenced by what they want through in the hands of their colonial masters and also the racial profiling. Additionally, their conceptions of power and authority greatly influence their interaction with the United States healthcare system and its providers. Also, their health beliefs are transmitted through the transnational communities. The Maya health tool kit for medical providers is set to understand the numerous obstacles the immigrants face when receiving adequate HEALTH BELIEFS OF THE CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HERITAGE 4 care in the United States. It is important to note that their worldview is based on the concept of balance. Their beliefs basically lean on balancing the physical and spiritual forces in their lives so that they can maintain equilibrium and hence achieve health (Smith et al.,2010). Conclusion It is important to note that a cross cultural mindset requires that the health practitioners understand everyone’s health beliefs and behaviours. Therefore, clinicians are called upon to understand that each and every person subscribe to certain cultural norms up to certain degrees. For instance, the Guatemalans utilize the ethno medicine in America and have great value biomedical techniques and the caregivers even if they normally don’t seek their services. Also, their view revolves around their community and it affects their own physical health. They view that illnesses have some cause in the physical world. Their medical beliefs play a social role in the communities. This means if the Maya health beliefs fall out of their social role of the illness will be affected by the cultural loss. The scholars conclude that there is a health because it has the fourth highest rate of health problems. In conclusion, the main similarity is that they value their healthcare beliefs are mainly embedded in their cultural practices which every clinician need to be aware of (Johanson, 2016). HEALTH BELIEFS OF THE CHINESE AND GUATEMALAN HERITAGE 5 References Cai, D., Stone, T. E., Petrini, M. A., & McMillan, M. (2016). An exploration of the health beliefs of Chinese nurses’ and nurse academics’ health beliefs: AQ‐ methodology study. Nursing & health sciences, 18(1), 97-104. Cheng, L., Feng, S., & Hu, Y. (2017). Evidence-based nursing implementation in Mainland China: A scoping review. Nursing outlook, 65(1), 27-35. Johanson, L. (2016). Caring for the vulnerable: An exploration of Guatemalan healthcare issues. Journal of Christian Nursing, 33(1), 44-49. Smith‐Miller, C. A., Leak, A., Harlan, C. A., Dieckmann, J., & Sherwood, G. (2010, January). “Leaving the comfort of the familiar”: Fostering workplace cultural awareness through short‐term global experiences. In Nursing Forum (Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 18-28). Malden, USA: Blackwell Publishing Inc.
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