Question 1. Question :
Jose is a twelve-year-old overweight child with a total cholesterol level of 180 mg/dL and LDL of 125 mg/dL. Along with diet education and recommending increased physical activity, a treatment plan for Jose would include ____ with a reevaluation in six months.
bile acid-binding resins
Question 2. Question :
A potentially life-threatening adverse response to ACE inhibitors is angioedema. Which of the following statements is true about this adverse response?
Swelling of the tongue and hoarseness are the most common symptoms.
It appears to be related to a decrease in aldosterone production.
The presence of a dry, hacky cough indicates a high risk for this adverse response.
Because it takes time to build up a blood level, it occurs after being on the drug for about one week.
Question 3. Question :
Amber is a twenty-four-year-old who has had migraines for ten years. She reports a migraine on average of once a month. The migraines are effectively aborted with naratriptan (Amerge). When refilling Amber’s naratriptan education would include which of the following?
Naratriptan will interact with antidepressants, including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and St John’s Wort, and she should inform any providers she sees that she has migraines.
Continue to monitor her headaches; if the migraine is consistently happening around her menses, then there is preventive therapy available.
Pregnancy is contraindicated when taking a triptan.
All the given options are correct.
Question 4. Question :
One of the main drug classes used to treat acute pain is NSAIDs. They are used due to which of the following reasons?
They have less risk for liver damage than acetaminophen.
Inflammation is a common cause of acute pain.
They have minimal GI irritation.
Regulation of blood flow to the kidney is not affected by these drugs.
Question 5. Question :
A patient has been prescribed silver sulfadiazine (Silvadene) cream to treat burns on his or her leg. Normal adverse effects of silver sulfadiazine cream include:
Transient leukopenia on days two to four that should resolve
Worsening of burn symptoms briefly before resolution
A red, scaly rash that will resolve with continued use
Question 6. Question :
Sulfonylureas may be added to a treatment regimen for type II diabetics when lifestyle modifications and metformin are insufficient to achieve target glucose levels. Sulfonylureas have been moved to Step 2 therapy because they:
Increase endogenous insulin secretion.
Have a significant risk for hypoglycemia.
Address the insulin resistance found in type II diabetics.
Improve insulin binding to receptors.
Question 7. Question :
inhibiting pain transmission in the spinal cord
attaching to receptors in the afferent neuron to inhibit the release of substance P
blocking neurotransmitters in the midbrain
increasing beta-lipoprotein excretion from the pituitary
Question 8. Question :
Patients who are on or who will be starting chronic corticosteroid therapy need monitoring of __________.
Question 9. Question :
Henry presents to clinic with a significantly swollen, painful great toe and is diagnosed with gout. Of the following, which would be the best treatment for Henry?
Acetaminophen with codeine
Question 10. Question :
Jaycee has been on escitalopram (Lexapro) for a year and is willing to try tapering off of the selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors. What is the initial dosage adjustment when starting a taper off antidepressants?
Change the dose to every other day dosing for a week.
Reduce the dose by 50% for three to four days.
Reduce the dose by 50% every other day.
Escitalopram (Lexapro) can be stopped abruptly due to its long half-life.